The US carmaker announced the changes on Thursday, framing the restructuring as part of a global overhaul that the company has said will cost $11 billion.
The carmaker said it would proceed with plans to close a transmissions plant in France, and it has started negotiations with unions about halting production of the C-Max compact car at a factory in Germany.
“We are taking decisive action to transform the Ford business in Europe,” Steven Armstrong, Ford’s president for Europe, Middle East and Africa, said in a statement.
Ford’s sales and profitability are strong in the United States, but the company is trailing competitors badly in China and continuing to struggle in Europe and Latin America.
In the first nine months of 2018, Ford reported European losses of $199 million, compared to a profit of $278 million in the same period of 2017. It has projected a loss for the region for 2018.
So far the only potential alliance Ford and Volkswagen have confirmed involves commercial vehicles.
But Ford Chief Financial Officer Bob Shanks told Bloomberg last year that the companies’ discussions are “broad” and not limited to any particular technology, product or geography.
Ford has roughly 53,000 employees in Europe. It owns two engine plants in the United Kingdom, where Brexit threatens to disrupt auto industry supply chains and trade in cars across the region.